And why did Afilias accept preposterous Sunrise applications even from Registrars they knew personally, like Donny Simonton of Intercosmos, who took one look at the Agreements and submitted these names in the Sunrise (all of which he claimed he had TMs for, and all of which were registered for him personally):
Donny Simonton 404.info
Donny Simonton asian.info
Donny Simonton celebrity.info
Donny Simonton cellular.info
Donny Simonton cheerleaders.info
Donny Simonton donny.info
Donny Simonton fat.info
Donny Simonton hardcore.info
Donny Simonton jackpot.info
Donny Simonton marijuana.info
Donny Simonton roulette.info
Donny Simonton sextoys.info
Donny Simonton shit.info
Donny Simonton spanking.info
Donny Simonton teen.info
Donny Simonton videopoker.info
Donny Simonton voyeur.info
Of course, in reality, Donny didn't have TMs for these - not even for Donny.info
But what examples like these demonstrate is the systematic way the processes were abused, both byRegistry directors and also (as in this case) by the very Registrars the public were supposed to be able to trust. While registrars were selling pre-registrations to vulnerable landrush customers, some of them were also abusing the system themselves, submitting fraudulent applications.
Did ICANN take any action against accredited registrars who acted inappropriately?
These registrars remain accredited. They remain "in the club".
And that was the weakness of the Afilias .info abomination : it was like a club. The Registry was owned by Registrars. The Registrars could make money out of abusing the system. The Agreements were ignored where necessary. The consumer was cannon fodder in all this.
Their interests were not upheld.
Their interests were not protected.
The very Agreements which should have protected them were, in fact, abused from within the registry/registrar community...