The article refers to an earlier article in the e-zine Netkwesties (Net issues), that referred to an English Powerpoint-document by Infonet and Comfone.|
The following URLs are relevant:
Planet Multimedia article in Dutch:
Netkwesties article in Dutch:
Infonet/Comfone proposal for DNS-TLD as now executed:
English translation of the Planet Multimedia article:
Gsm-providers create their own internet
The collective gsm-service providers, unified in the GSM-association, maintain a separate network for their mobile internettraffic with a distinct self managed domain under the name .gprs. The Amsterdam Internet Exchange is exchange the traffic between the internet and the GPRS-services.
This remarkable fact revealed e-zine Netkwesties yesterday, after a tip of a reader.
The e-zine writes that the gsm-providers, in most cases telecomoperators, have placed intentionally the global co-ordinator of internet domains Icann off-side.
The Amsterdam Internet Exchange has offered their facilitating services to this effort. KPNQwest (Hoofddorp, the Netherlands) was the most important party in the arrival of an agreement for the peering of GPRS-traffic between mobile service providers.
Security, reliability and safeguarding the relatively high revenue streams constitued the base of this step, that, as far as is known, has not been discovered by anyone in the USA until know.
Job Witteman, maniging director of the Amsterdam Internet Exchange, is of the opinion that he is not at all providing a bad service to internet and the international organisations with his new facility service:
'The added value of the GRX Peering Exchange, as it is implemented at the AMS-IX resides in the new possibility carry GPRS-traffic of my mobile handset from for instance France to my home-operator.
In this way I am also able to gain access from foreign countries to my usual GPRS-service, e.g. internet access. It is therefore a misunderstanding to speak about a branching off or a split of the Internet.
This misunderstanding is more easy understood due to the choice of the mobile world to introduce a separate domain .GPRS. However this domain is in principle only usable for the naming of nodes in the mobile network itself; this regards the network elements necessary for the routing of the traffic to the correct destinations inside the GPRS-network and it does not provide destinations where content is residing.'
Witteman also temporary manages with his AMS-IX the top level domain .GPRS, that exist in practice next to the top level domains .com, .net and .org. Witteman: 'Due to practical reasons AMS-IX currently administers the domains under the .GPRS-domain - a logical consequence of hosting the .GPRS root servers at AMS-IX. It is however intended to relocate the administrative responsibilities in the long run to the GSM-Association.'
15:30 05 apr
For readers not familiar with the European Internet:
Ams-IX (http://www.ams-ix.net) is a public peering point controlled by an association. AMS-IX currently has 130 affiliated members and a traffic level ranging between 2.2 Gbit/s (night) and 6.5 Gbit/s (evening peak). It is second in Europe in members and traffic level after the London LINX.
In effect the above described operational practices, means that Ams-IX provides a distinct VLAN for public Internet-peering and GPRS-peering (under the name GRX). It also temporarily provides the root-server with TLD .gprs for the GPRS/IP backbone equipment that interconnect the various GPRS-network operators.
This means that besides .net (originally intended for networks and still heavily used in that way by ISP's for router-names) a new TLD .gprs has been introduced for GPRS network elements (think routers). The referenced Infonet/Comfone reference provide the rationales for the decision of the GSM-operators to go their own way outside ICANN.
Current participating parties in the Gprs exchange GRX at the Ams-IX are Aicent, Belgacom, Cable & Wireless, Carrier1, Comfone/Infonet, Deutsche Telekom, Ebone, Energis. France Telecom, Global Crossing, KPNQwest, Sonera/Equant, Telecom Italia, Telenor, Telia en WorldCom